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Rabu, 20 Januari 2010

Kraton heirloom cleansing Ngayogyakarta

Kraton heirloom cleansing Ngayogyakarta

1) Ceremony At The Palace

Given the amount of inheritance that would watered too much and not enough done in one day, then the execution carried out more than one day. In the reign of Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX, heirlooms cleansing ceremony is limited for two days. But in the days before the implementation of water-pouring ceremony held treasures more than two days.

In implementing this cleansing ceremony, there are no stages, with an unknown sense of special terms to describe the stages in the water-pouring ceremony that heritage. but if we observe carefully starting from the beginning to the end of the cleansing ritual heritage, operate virtually in place several stages. Given the time and ritual cleansing of inheritance, then the parts in the water-pouring ceremony that can be specified as follows:

- Stage Sugengan

According to tradition, before the morning will be held sacred cleansing ceremony, then on the first evening ceremony held sugengan ageng located in Ward Prabayaksa. Approximately 13:30 hours a day all equipment will be used to complete the ceremony ageng sugengan brought in by the courtiers of Sembir Jajar Pawon Sokalanggen Wetan or go to the palace through Magangan. Meanwhile, on Tuesday and Wednesday Kliwon Legi morning, all sugengan beginning at 6:30 am brought in by Sembir Jajar courtiers to the palace to either of Pawon Wetan or both of Pawon Sokalanggen or Gebulen Kulon.

- Stage Siraman Heritage

In accordance with the meaning of the word spray, ie bathing or nyirami, who referred to here is the heritage or bathing nyirami heritage from beginning to end. The definition and the beginning of the opening of the box or glodhog place singeb and heritage and to treasure these cindhe watered. Was to end in question here is this heirloom done after last spray was brought in and stored back into place.

Before the cleansing ceremony was held sacred, then the first Sultan to tell relatives of the palace, including his wife, son, daughter, the regents, including Regent anom and the elderly, law, and the other courtiers.

The organization's heritage cleansing conducted over two days ie on Tuesday and Wednesday Legi Kliwon.

On Tuesday Kliwon watered heirloom include: Kanjeng Kyai Ageng Plered, Kyai Ageng Kanjeng kopeks Kyai Ageng Kanjeng New Klinthing, Kyai Ageng Kanjeng Megatruh, Kyai Ageng Kanjeng Gadawadana, Kyai Ageng Kanjeng Gadatapan, Kyai Ageng Kanjeng Jake Piturun, Kanjeng Kyai Ageng Sangkelat, Kanjeng Kyai Ageng Purbaniat, then followed by watering heirloom objects other inferior, intangible kris and spear.

On the next day, cleansing ceremony dilaksanakanlah heritage for things other heirloom, is: Kanjeng Kyai Jatimulya, Dhampar Kencana, Kanjeng Kyai Oneng Mangun, Many, Dhalang, Sawung, Galing, Hardawalika and so on. Kyai Kanjeng Pamuk, Kanjeng Kyai Cekathakan, Kanjeng Kyai Pangarab-Arab, Kyai Kanjeng Udan Arum, Kanjeng Kyai Bicak, Kanjeng Kyai Sima, Kanjeng Kyai Tandhulawak, Kanjeng Kyai Suryaraja.

c) Purpose and Objectives Organization of Ceremony

a. Heritage or the aji tosan quickly so as not vulnerable than expected to last long. If not frequently bathed or cleaned, then the taiyeng rust or iron or tosan menempelpada aji will accelerate the process of destruction. To keep it tosan aji durable and not brittle so quickly doused by the way is a good step and the most appropriate.

b. Another purpose is to determine the beginning or early in the event of the fragility of the process or damage to such heritage. to be known early will make it easier to overcome before severe. Moreover heritage spray process using a mixture of chemicals, if not cleaned too long back in a relatively short time, the chemicals that will quickly go in and soak into the iron or inheritance, and cause cracks-cracks that would eventually become severe . If storage for a year legacy was never in the sun this will quickly destroyed.

c. Spray event lasted heirloom, according to most of society has the purpose to glorify it was because it was considered sacred and magical. The nature of the solemnization for salvation.

d). Implementation time ceremony.

Water-pouring ceremony at the Sultan's Palace heritage that once a year beriangsung, operate based on the Javanese calendar, which falls on every month Sura. Sura is the beginning of the month in the Javanese calendar year. In the month according to the trust and the family court, either for solemnization digunakatt spray heritage. Their beliefs, since the beginning of new year falls on the moon Sura is still considered sacred. Therefore Sura month basis for the implementation of water-pouring ceremony heritage of Yogyakarta Kingdom.

As for implementation falls on a Tuesday or Friday Kliwon Kliwon. However, if the month is the day for both, we mean that in the month of Sura was there on Tuesday and Friday Kliwon Kliwon, the choice fell on Tuesday Kliwon. The reason for choosing Kliwon Tuesday, because Tuesday is the day Kliwon court revelation, and therefore sacred day.

e) The Parties Involved In SIRAMAN Ceremony

At the time of the execution ritual cleansing of the heritage of the dalem kagungan stored in a special court should not be seen by the public. However, heirloom stored outside the general court may see it. They participated in the ceremony. their arrival may have a particular purpose. Someone asked for survivors, please be bertimpah sustenance, ngalap blessings and ask someone recovering from illness. Their involvement was reasonable given the implementation of water-pouring ceremony is a traditional heirloom ymig provide features local cultural customs. For it was only natural that if the local authorities involved in organizing the ceremony. but the implementation of water-pouring ceremony inside the palace that once involved a very limited and mostly relatives and palace courtiers.

f) Course of SIRAMAN Heritage Stage

Because many kinds of heirloom Must watered, so much also the parties involved in the implementation of the spray in charge of heritage and prepare all equipment. In ujub also sought the safety of the Sultan besarta entire family, and so he was given a long life. Do not forget to apply for welfare, which is located in the Special Region of Yogyakarta and surrounding areas. Also request forgiveness if there are mistakes, so do not bring disaster for him.

Ujub then finished the prayer was given by kanca Penghulu. After the completion ceremony held in sugengan Ward Prabayaksa, then continued with a special tirakatan attended by some courtiers. Tirakatan night took place at the mosque Panepen.

Then on Tuesday Kliwon approximately 7:00 in the morning hours, all to the completeness or sugengan from Pawon Kulon or Gebulen, respectively sugengan prepared in accordance with the orders that have been set by the court.

On the first day or the day Tuesday Kliwon, Pawon Wetan or completeness Sokalanggen prepare for heirloom Kanjeng Kyai Tandhuluwak, was Pawon Gebulen Kulon or completeness of the ceremony to prepare to meet the exit and entry. Heirlooms Kanjeng Plered Kyai Ageng. Was on the second day or the day Wednesday Legi, Pawon Sokalanggen Wetan or completeness of the ceremony to prepare the heritage Kanjeng Kyai Tunggul Wulung and Many, Dhalang, Sawung Galing, Hardawalika. Similarly Pawon Gebulen Kulon or completeness of the ceremony to prepare the heritage Kanjeng Kyai Jatimulya, Kanjeng Kyai Pengarab-Arab and for the celebration ceremony marking the completion of a series of water-pouring ceremony heritage.

At cleansing ceremony will be held heirloom-Pangarab Kanjeng Kyai intangible Arab's sword with disembelihiah bekakak also used as a cleansing ceremony heritage completeness Kanjeng Kyai Pangarab-Arab.

After the ceremony finished and all the treasures had entered the palace and placed in their place, the celebration ceremony diselenggarakanlah as a thank you that the ceremony could proceed smoothly and safely and that duty does not have a barrier of any kind. Adaun thanksgiving ceremony was held in Ward Prabayaksa attended by children and grandchildren and relatives of the palace. With the end of the ceremony that the whole series of water-pouring ceremony is over.

g) Pantangan-abstinence What to obey

Traditional ceremonies are still going on until now there is a presumption, and most people that the ceremony was still to be sacred, so that in practice there are certain taboos-taboos. Similarly, in the cleansing of sacred ceremonies in the Sultan's Palace proved abstinence-abstinence is to be followed and they did not dare for fear of melanggamya bad effect upon him.

The abstinence-abstinence is closely related to cleansing ceremony include:

a. Special cleansing ceremony held in the palace, the public should not see.

b. Special for legacy Ageng Kanjeng Kyai Kyai Plered and Kanjeng kopeks Ageng conducted by the Sultan himself or his eldest son. Because it is an heirloom or heritage properties mainstay thick Kraton Yogyakarta. Therefore should not be just anyone touch it.

c. According to the customs and ordinances in court, all followers of the ceremony must wear clothes pranakan.

h). Or symbols of meaning contained in Ceremony Elements

1) Artificial who smoke, have a subtle meaning to the spirit of helping the petition, with a hope they do not interfere. Incense was a nice meal for the spirits. With such a meal was given, they are expected to contribute to help and will not interfere.

2) Rice classified, meaning that a determination must be followed by merging of the heart and can not easily get any interference and party. With a strong heart and is accompanied by a determination, what he aspired to be successful or accomplished.

3) Jenang pufih danJenang brother, is a form of livelihood and the water that comes and the parents who gave birth to a person to this world.

4) Jenang baro-baro, this is a manifestation and ketuba and the placenta is considered, human siblings, because they accompany a person's birth and guwagarba mother.

5) Cane wulung. represents the time of eternity. With the protection of the heritage that people will survive forever. So have a lasting hope that under the protection of heritage.

6) Gecok raw, meaning that such foods are very favored by the spirits who guard the treasures. With the given sajjan spirit will always keep and will not interfere.

7) Rujak 7 or 7 different colors. Such foods have meaning to entertain spirits guarding the treasure. With given the variety of rujak be happy and will not interfere.

8) Rice tasty, has a meaning for the safety of the Prophet Muhammad with his family and his companions. And priority for service providers if there are mistakes please forgive.

9) ambeng rice, white rice is around him were side dishes. Rice was symbolic of good luck and serving rice contains a request that all parties involved were blessed with a lot of luck.

10) Rice apostles, has a symbol to honor the Prophet Muhammad and his apostles, as long as there is in the world many sacrificed everything, therefore, must be respected.

11) Rice gebuli, meaning there is a hope of that has hajad to what was intended to be achieved.

12) Rice asrep-asrepan, meaning that the spirits of the ancestors in a state of calm in the afterlife. With that calm will be able to give blessing and blessing to the children and grandchildren.

13) Rice punar, symbolizes wealth. With such offerings given to increasing wealth owned.

14) Rice kendhit cone, meaning that the spirits of ancestors and the gods who lived on a mountaintop gives salvation.

15) Rice Kanginan cone resin, meaning an offering to the spirits of ancestors with a sincere heart, with a request to provide safety and protection is continuously and did not cease.

16) Rice cone logoh, symbolizing that all the offerings have been accepted by the spirits of ancestors and a hope that the spirits of ancestors to send the safety and welfare of the children and grandchildren.

17) Rice Ropoh cone, and cone gundhul, has a meaning to eliminate frantic thoughts are always haunt everyday life.

18) Goat kendhit, meaning that such animal is the favorite baureksa Mount Merapi. With offerings of goats given kendhit order not to interrupt the ceremony.

19) Cain cindhe and singeb. represents a tribute to the heritage that are considered sacred. With singeb given to cindhe and magic are in legacy still lives forever.

20) ajug and Ajug-Juplak, offering a life illuminated by lights. so that the original public life shrouded in darkness will become light again.

2) Outside the Palace Ceremony

a) Name of Ceremony

Traditional name is Sultan's Palace Railway Heritage Ceremony Kanjeng SIRAMAN Nyai amulets. The ceremony is held outside the sultan's palace in Ratawijayan. Siraman said means bathing, which meant bathing the heritage train Kanjeng Nyai amulets. Sultan Palace Kanjeng consider Nyai heritage train this sacred amulets and can provide efficacy and safety for the sultan and his people. Actually, the Sultan's Palace did not give the term "Railway Heritage Ceremony Kanjeng SIRAMAN Nyai amulets. In Yogyakarta society cleansing ceremony called Kanjeng Nyai heritage train these amulets with a name SIRAMAN Average Kanjeng Dalem Kencana Nyai Titihan amulets, which meant bathing the golden carriage vehicle Sultan, Kanjeng Nyai amulets. Called the golden carriage that golden-colored golden yellow. Likewise Nyai Kanjeng named amulets because the train is a wooden sculpture depicting a woman. As for the location of the statue in front of the bottom, supporting the stamping of the driver (the driver). Ceremony heritage train Kanjeng spray Nyai amulets are always followed by one other train as a follower (pendherek).

b) Purposes and Organization of Ritual

The purpose cleansing ceremony Nyai Kanjeng heritage train is to train amulets are not quick heirloom fragile and durable. If you have never cleaned the corrosion of iron embedded in the heritage railway will accelerate the process of destruction. To keep the trains are long-lasting legacy, and not quickly lost its strength, then watering or bathing is a good step and the most appropriate. So ceremonial purposes Kanjeng spray heritage train Nyai outwardly amulets is to know early in the event of the fragility or damage to the heritage train. By knowing will facilitate early prevention. The purpose cleansing ceremony Kanjeng heritage train Nyai amulets, ie as an expression of attitude objects to glorify the heritage of the royal ancestors who thought to contain spiritual values as sacrosanct.

So it's clear that the ritual cleansing of the heritage train Nyai Kanjeng amulets made once a year every month Sura That means glorifying the train. Heritage train carriage was considered sacred that has supernatural powers. Therefore shall always be honored by way of ritual cleansing once a year with

all kinds of offerings. Belief that the train was magical heritage or have magic powers, reflected in the fact that the water spray former railway heritage is considered efficacious to cure various diseases. Water-pouring ceremony heritage train Kanjeng amulets Nyai menipakan a Javanese ritual practices native dilakasanakan by the court of Yogyakarta. In essence the implementation of water-pouring ceremony aims obtain salvation. The safety is here is safe from disturbances caused either by man or nature.

c) Time Operation Ceremony

When the train spray solemnization Nyai Kanjeng heritage amulets are month Sura (Muharam) and held in the morning by the sultan's palace. Sura month group according to the trust of the courts relatives, both used to perform the ceremony washing and cleaning, because the moon is considered sacred. When the moon is Sura coincidence Kliwon Tuesday, the day is chosen to perform the ceremony. However if in Sura no Kliwon Tuesday, then the other day that is selected Friday Kliwon.

d) Course of Ceremony According to the stages

- Stage Sugengan

On Tuesday night Friday night Kliwon or courtiers Kliwon Pawon Kulon clown servants have started preparing for sugengan a heritage train Kanjeng Nyai amulets. On that night in particular the courtiers Somatali courtiers and common people in the building Ratawijayan held tirakatan night. They deliver to the offering as a heritage sugengan to train Kanjeng Nyai amulets.

People who deliver to the offering and has hajad, sitting cross-legged in front of the train heritage Nyai Kanjeng amulets while worshiping in a salute, and then aim to deliver the courtiers Somatali clown servants assigned.

Furthermore assigned courtiers saluted Kanjeng worship Nyai amulets continue to burn incense in the brazier of incense smoke continuously. When finished, once again saluted with worship followed by a orag have hajad. Then people who have left the train lavatory Nyai Kanjeng amulets heritage.

- Stage Siraman

In this cleansing stage, the tools that are prepared to splash the heritage train Nyai Kanjeng amulets is: singeb, drums, water barrels, plastic buckets, rags, water hose, mats, incense brazier, Tepas. The materials needed to perform the ceremony heritage railway spray Kanjeng Nyai amulets are: water, spirits, oils and incense kelapaJeruk juice.

At approximately 09.50 the courtiers who served watered, the carriage Kanjeng Nyai heritage of the place persemayamannya amulets into pengrantunan room facing south. Before the train heritage amulets Kanjeng Nyai persemayamannya issued and where all the offerings under Kanjeng Nyai amulets moved to the south porch of the building Ratawijayan.

In space pengrantunanini the courtiers sat cross-legged around the railway heritage Nyai Kanjeng amulets. Then remove some of the courtiers that surrounded the train singeb Kanjeng Nyai amulets heritage. Singeb folded neatly to be washed. And used for years to come. Meanwhile, railway heritage amulets Kanjeng Nyai not be issued to the page in front of the south door. The courtiers who served watering must wait for permission from the courts to start watering.

After obtaining a permit and then train heritage Nyai Kanjeng amulets issued to the page in front of the south door. Heritage train Kanjeng Nyai amulets placed facing south. As for the first time ritual cleansing of the heritage train Kanjeng Nyai amulets are Kanjeng Raden Tumenggung Kudowijoyo as clown-servants Pengageng Somatali courtiers. After that followed oleb all the courtiers who served in the water-pouring ceremony. However, principal officer at the ceremony were the courtiers Somatali clown servants. The officers each had brought rags (pieces of cloth) for scrubbing.

Part of the first doused the front of the train that is the heritage Kanjeng Nyai amulets in the form of a wooden statue and depicting a woman. The next part of the roof of the train continued to the back and the last part of the wheel.

Part train made and polished brass with lemon slices.

Watering is done by use of tap water supplied in advance on drums, cans and plastic buckets of water. Time water spray collected in a plastic bucket to be distributed to communities in need. Need diketabui that during the ceremony spray heritage train lasted Kanjeng Nyai amulets, incense brazier with burning incense smoke teruis cultivated. Anglo incense is placed near the doorway of the building south Ratawijayan. Once the ritual cleansing of the heritage train Nyai Kanjeng amulets finished, the people who ngalap blessing amulets Kanjeng Nyai scrambling to get another former water spray, lemon slices, rags and so forth. They were each carrying an empty bottle filled with water used for cleansing, then taken home. They waited in the yard since the morning and expect to get the blessings of the heritage train Nyai Kanjeng amulets that are considered sacred objects. For those who believe, water spray former railway heritage Nyai Kanjeng contains magic amulets. Water is efficacious if taken to cure various diseases. Except that the water can also be used as a repellent reinforcements and for the drug to younger if used to wash her face. And many more other benefits.

Similarly, the remnants of lemon slices, rags, if saved will bring peace and safety for penyimpannya.

After the train heritage Nyai amulets Kanjeng clean, then pushed and inserted again into the room pengrantunan. In this pengrantunan space heritage train Kanjeng amulets Nyai cloth is dried with a clean cloth. Then the leather is rubbed with coconut oil. After that train heritage Nyai Kanjeng amulets inserted again into the persemayamannya. After caos dhahar, Raden Tumenggung Kudowijoyo Kanjeng looped strands of flowers consisting of three seeds in the middle kanthil interest, a series of jasmine flowers kanthil three seeds on the other end, the neck of the statue Kanjeng Nyai amulets.

Only then the general public is allowed to offer caos dhahar and offerings.

After the train heritage Nyai Kanjeng amulets betui was dry, all the courtiers who served together again, sitting cross-legged facing the heritage train Kanjeng Nyai amulets. Next Kanjeng Rumenggung Raden Kudiwijoyo assisted several courtiers singeb spread. Before the spread singeb the courtiers who served worship to salute the heritage train Kanjeng Nyai amulets. Then spread on the body singeb heritage train Nyai Kanjeng amulets. When finished, Raden Tumenggung Puspodiningrat, Kanjeng Raden Tumenggung Kudowijoyo and all the courtiers in charge of implementing water-pouring ceremony Kanjeng heritage train Nyai amulets, worship salute. Finally the courtiers who served allowed to take (nglorot) sugengan ageng placed in the south porch of the building Ratawijan. Thus the cleansing ceremony done Kanjeng Nyai heritage train amulets.

e) Pantangan-abstinence What to obey

In every ceremony that is sacred, the implementation is abstinence-abstinence which must be obeyed by the officers of the ceremony. At cleansing ceremony heritage train Kanjeng Nyai amulets have proved abstinence-pantangannya. The water-pouring ceremony train officers Kanjeng heritage Nyai melanggamya amulets do not dare, for fear of sanction. Hence the ritual cleansing of train officers Kanjeng heritage Nyai berusaba amulets to comply.

The abstinence-abstinence is closely related to ritual cleansing of the heritage train Nyai Kanjeng amulets include:

- The courtiers in charge of implementing water-pouring ceremony Kanjeng heritage train Nyai amulets should dress and wear samir pranakan.

- The duty courtiers cleansing ceremony Kanjeng Nyai heritage train amulets have cleaned up the streets flush jamas (kramas bath), fasting and so on.

- The night before the ritual cleansing of the heritage train Nyai Kanjeng amulets, the courtiers who served forbidden to do something related to cancellation of the action itself is state of purity, such as lying, saying dirty words, sexual intercourse and so on.

- At the time the train heirlooms cleansing ceremony Nyai Kanjeng amulets carried. people who live in the complex building Ratawijayan not allowed to do activities which are ceremonial, such as circumcision, marriage. Even if by chance there is of death, the ritual bathing ceremony remains suspended until the heritage train Kanjeng spray Nyai amulets completed.

f) Or symbols of meaning contained in Ceremony Elements

1) Rice rasulan, symbolizing honor or glory to the apostles and prophets, for many sacrificed their lives for everything.

2) Rice punar, symbolizing wealth, with offerings like this given to the increased wealth they have.

3) Rice gebuli, meaning there is a hope that what dihajadkan achieved.

4) Rice classified, meaning all officers have supya determination, so that all what would ideally be implemented properly.

5) Rice sacred, has meaning for the safety of the Prophet Muhammad with his family and his companions, especially for the holding of the ceremony if there is a mistake to be forgiven.

6) ambeng rice, symbolizing good fortune and that implies that presents a lot of good fortune.

7) Tumpeng Megana, symbolizing the hope of what aspired to be achieved or expected fortune can become reality.

8) gundhul Tumpeng robyong and loss of meaning complexity that undermines the mind.

9) Rice asrep-asrepan, meaning that the spirits of the ancestors was not angry.

10) Urubing Tumpeng resin, so the king symbolizes the king can give light to his people, is also represents an offering to the spirits of ancestors with sincere heart, with the aim to provide safety and ancestor continuous protection.

11) Tumpeng dhuplak, symbolizing that the people can be light from the king.

12) Tumpeng Ropoh, contains the meaning of an expectation that all people with each other to get along like brothers.

13) kependhem Nutmeg, nutmeg nutmeg gumantung and kasimpar, symbolizing fertility, soil water or symbolize the agrarian culture.

14) Ketan, contains the meaning of his ancestors in order to send the spirits are always close to God and forgiven of all sins.

15) Kolak, meaning to reject all bad deeds and to keep close to God.

16) Kupat, meaning maafatas ask all errors.

17) Rujak seven kinds, meaning entertain spirits guarding the treasure in order not to interfere.

18) Jenang red and white porridge, meaning respect for the living water that comes from both parents who give birth.

19) Jenang red, symbolizing a wish for her parents to forgive her mistakes were having a ceremony.

20) Jenang white, symbolizing the hope for both parents in order that children be given blessing.

21) Jenang baro-baro, symbolizing respect for the water ketuba and placenta is regarded as his brother. On the second day of the ceremony are asked to help you to achieve salvation.

22) Jenang pliringan, symbolizing respect for the army Kanjeng Ratu Kidul. that by land or air. Except itujuga expected that spirits do not bother humans.

23) Interest sritaman, symbolizes the heart and harmony kejemihan natural environment.

24) Jlupak, meaning that the life of the people who had been shrouded in darkness will become light again.

25) Jajanpasar, symbolizing that the offerings are offered completed.

26) Chicken kemamggang life, meaning that the food served was as good as grilled chicken.

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2 comments: on 27 Desember 2016 19.58 mengatakan...

Yogyakarta turns to have heirlooms and should always be cleaned every week.
ST3 Telkom on 27 Desember 2016 19.59 mengatakan...

Yogyakarta turns to have heirlooms and should always be cleaned every week.
ST3 Telkom

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